Skyscrapers of the Future Will Be Engineered to Copy Nature

Skyscrapers of the Future Will Be Engineered to Copy Nature

Architects are constructing wooden skyscrapers
and transforming high rises into living gardens. And these designs…could go a long way in
improving how we live in the future. Skyscrapers are symbols of modern ambition. But the race to be the tallest is fueled by
steel and concrete, two materials that account for an estimated 8% of global C02 emissions. Two countries in particular – Singapore and
Canada – are attempting to transform the urban skyline. In Singapore, engineering firms like WOHA
are coating their buildings with lush, native plants. “To deal with high densities in cities,
particularly Singapore where we are land-limited, it is actually important to bring landscape
greenery and nature very close to where people alive and interact.” Aside from the aesthetics of this building,
these towers of green are also helping to bring biodiversity back to our urban centers. Because this building has vertical gardens
integrated into its design, it actually contains 1000 percent more plant life than could have
existed on the original plot of land. And having buildings that integrate nature
in this way within our dense cities could have a measurable impact on quality of life
and the quality of the environment. Some of us may have experienced New York in
the summertime. One of the reasons why we get a heat build
up in cities like this is a process known as Insolation. When the sun hits a concrete skyscraper, heat
is stored within the building and then re-radiated back into the environment causing the air
temperature to rise. However, when WOHA designed the Oasia Hotel,
they used plants to combat this problem. “In our projects, we have always tried to
aim for more than 100% green replacement. We need to find plants that can handle not
just the wind, but maybe also need to be quite hardy as well. Tropical high-rise building skyscraper, when
you elevate it, you actually get nice breezes and nice wind. And that actually makes it very comfortable. There’s no reason why, I think, when we have
high density in the city that we should forget about gardens, parks, and nature. In Canada, architects and engineers are piloting
new designs out of a familiar material: wood. “Wood is clearly an advantageous material,
because it requires much less resources to be extracted from the forest. It requires less resources to transport on
site. It allows for faster construction.” To construct a wooden skyscraper, engineers
use mass timber, which is engineered to handle loads similar to concrete and steel. “Wood has a very, very favorable strength
to weight ratio. Compared to how heavy it is, it is almost
as strong as steel.” They’ll use a technique called cross-laminated
timber, where different layers of wood are glued together in a cross-based orientation. Wood isn’t a new material by any stretch. It has ancient roots in medieval European
churches and temples in Japan. But it has had a major historical drawback. Fire. Urban cities were wiped out in the early 19th
century, and steel and concrete eventually became the dominant building materials. But mass timber today doesn’t ignite as easily. “All these structural wood elements, that
need to be protected from fire, they’re encapsulated in drywall. These elements cannot burn anymore, and they’re
just as safe as if it were a concrete structure.” And wooden buildings have huge environmental
benefits too. In all of Canada, the U.S., Europe, the amount
of wood growing is significantly larger than the amount of wood that is actually harvested. If we harvest our trees and put them in structures,
we actually give an incentive to reforest more areas, and regrow more trees. This trend has spread to countries like the
U.K., and Japan, kickstarting the next race for the tallest timber tower. By 2050, there will be nearly 10 billion people
living on this planet, and two-thirds of us will be in cities. To handle the rise of human population and
global temperature, native plant designs and timber skyscrapers could go a long way in
curbing environmental and economic impacts. And they’ll make us feel better too. For more science documentaries, check out
this one right. Don’t forget to subscribe and keep coming
back to Seeker for more videos.

100 thoughts on “Skyscrapers of the Future Will Be Engineered to Copy Nature

  1. A few decades ago, it was popular to have central atriums. Unfortunately, it turned out that having that central green area created a chimney effect in fires. These "green" ideas look great but seems to do little in terms of fire breaks. Sheath a skyscraper with a greenhouse shroud creates another fire chimney. These green areas need to be broken up and not connected.

  2. I like the idea of green buildings in Singapore. But the one in Canada which it is built by massive amount of timbers would kill the first purpose of green environment preservation by killing so many natural trees!! What's a dumber and dumber architect!

  3. Im just happy that they acually acted on what they said. Cause I know a LOT of improvements that people said they were going to do by now but DIDNT ACT UPON WHAT THEY SAID.

  4. I just love stuff like this. I hope one day I can live in a modern beautiful city, filled with beautiful skyscrapers with waterfalls and plants and designs

  5. Imagine how beautiful future cities will be. Perhaps all the jobs dissapearing will be replaced with gardening jobs in a skyscraper. If only you could structure society that way. I'd like that 😉

  6. Nice video, but you can't compare US and Canada to Europe. By that you try to degrade European countries which are completely different from one another which you cannot classify together. You can compare North America to Europe. Continent – Continent, Country – Country.

  7. Can we PLEASE hurry up and create the future together already?! Let’s destroy these oppressive concepts of “class” while we’re at it. This is taking too long.

  8. Rent cost
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  9. If you think that some of the tallest towers in the world are impressive now, then you’ve seen nothing yet.

    Not only will the next generation of skyscrapers be in amongst the tallest in the world, with one becoming THE tallest and by a long way, they are also far greener too.

    Anyways, read the below. This might help.


    Sourav Basak

    Namaste UI

  10. The Belvedere Tower’s Innovative Form is just amazing. read here

  11. Humans : Wood sound good to make my skyscraper house
    Termites : your skyscraper house sounds good for my dinner

  12. structures will be grown & according to algorithms of nature, and man, but man is nature. as the structure nears completion in growth, preservative will be taken up. perhaps, metallic salts thus, best of both worlds

  13. If we build something like this we need also people that can control the insects and other animals there. People that knows how to work in a garden. If we don't have those people the buildongs will collapse.

  14. Wooden skyscraper? That's real bullshit if you think about it. The reason we plant trees is deforestation and global warming! We dont plant them to build wooden scyscraper. There is a plenty of wood in Europe and Canada so let's transport them to the other side of world. Sounds very sustainable… My country is going trough massive deforestation for economic reasons in last decade,.. these are the reasons.

  15. ppl in the comment section are so ignorant, as if the experienced engineers who came up with these idea didn’t think about simple thing such as insects, fires, and rottenness.

  16. Modern, cross-laminated bamboo beams and panels are stronger than steel.
    They can last longer than concrete too, because concrete cracks with age.
    Only concrete with glass-fiber could be comparable, but not better, because bamboo panels have stronger fiber, if fabricated well.

    The fabricated wooden and bamboo panels and beams will be a huge market, because they are easier to process during construction, which makes construction more flexible.

  17. This episode brought to you by the Lumber Industry.

    Why would you cut down one of our most important carbon sequestrators to build things?

    With abundant clean electricity, we can instead pull more carbon out of the environment and make much stronger and lighter building materials than wood.. Carbon fiber stone for example. Hell, concrete!

  18. And plants absorb carbon dioxide, and carbon dioxide absorbs much more heat from the sun, so having more plants can also decrease temperatures

  19. The buildings with the climbing growth reminds me of the buildings in the future if there were no people left on Earth.

  20. Imagine how creative we could be if we weren’t limited by money!!?? Let’s do everything for free 🤗👍

  21. takes like decades to grow a tree…..who is going to regrow it unless it's on your own tree farm…pretty sure they will end up cutting down trees everywhere and never grow it back because when you regrow it in public areas, it's not yours…

  22. The future of Sustainable Development is today! We are meant to live in a sustainable world that is environmentally, socially, energetically and economically sustainable!

  23. Wooden building that tall? Who comes with these ideas? Makes more sense to have a metal structure and composite materials other than a full wooden building. A building fire throws the hypothesis to dust.

  24. I wish America would construct megaprojects like China. America should modernise with their cities like Chinese cities, Saudi Arabian cities, and Singapore, if only America would erect those super futuristic buildings that are in an abundance in China.

  25. I hope that this new architectural movement can be pretty inspiring for everyone! It certainly inspired me!

  26. yea but at the end of the day who wants to live in an apartment??? its like being in a prison.. id rather be in a house

  27. corporate business guy: I care for the environment that's why we kill innocent trees to build my humongous girthy skyscraper

    corporate business guy: I'm not compensating for anything I swear

  28. im all for the enviroment but this is hurting it more than helping unless we make a synthetic (man made) organic material replacement for wood that has the same properties but doesnt come from cutting down trees.

  29. Good initiative. But my worry is how many trees have to fall to build a skyscraper? We are already losing a lot of forest cover in the world and it changes the whole climate of the globe.

  30. 4:08 in, You weren't making any sence tell you mentioned rasing the wood as a crop, which would mean select cutting, which would mean real forestry as in controlled burning of under brush to benefit the quality of the wood by driving away parasites, and removing the underbrush material that causes forest fires in the first place at the same time..! You're talking about growing trees as a crop and actually protecting them with real Forestry, instead of global warming climate change for a street that lets the underbrush grow until it becomes a fuel that completely burn down the entire damn Forest..!

  31. What about old growth trees? Wouldn’t using Hemp/bamboo that grows quickly with minimal energy be even better to include in the equation? Defining the term renewable is necessary. If a tree takes decades to mature that is not necessarily renewable or ecological. If the root system is required for erosion deflection, again, these factors must be considered.

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