SAT Night Live - SAT Reading: Dissecting the Text | The Princeton Review

SAT Night Live – SAT Reading: Dissecting the Text | The Princeton Review



good evening everyone and welcome to SAT night live with the prints interview my name is Patrick Brady I'm an SAT teacher and tutor here at the Princeton Review and I'm excited to work with you tonight on the reading comprehension section the first section of the test do you have sixty five minutes to answer 52 questions about five different passages I can feel pretty overwhelming when you think of it like that I totally agree but tonight what I'd like to do is to break it up into some smaller more manageable pieces reading is a fundamental lifelong skill but the way that it's tested on the SAT is a little different so we at the Princeton Review have developed what we think is the best strategy for tackling the reading comprehension section it's called the reading basic approach and here it is the first step read the blurb the blurb is that little piece of information before the passage a lot of people want to skip this part but it's really important it can tell you who wrote the passage where when it was written what time period and so it can really be to your advantage to read this blurb so you'll learn a little bit about what you're diving into is it a literature positive is it a nonfiction passage is it a science passage all of these things are really helpful the second step is select and understand a question this is the second step notice that we read the blurb and then we skipped the entire passage and moved right to the questions most students reading the full passage every single word first is not the best approach a lot of times you run out of time so we think using the questions as a guide to your reading is the best way the third step is read what you need and it says plus or minus five lines so again it's not in your best interest to read every single word of an SAT reading passage why because you often then have to reread that same passage to get the questions right and you end up reading details that you're not actually tested on which is a bummer and sort of a waste of time so read what you need we say about plus or minus five lines five lines above or five lines below the line reference in the question the line numbers that are in the question itself so don't just read the line number in the question to have a really good shot at getting a question right you want to expand that window so you're reading in context but again you're not reading too much that it's overwhelming the fourth step is predict the correct answer so as you're reading what you need to read think about what did the question ask right that was step two select and understand the question then be thinking what do I think the answer is and don't don't don't look at the answer choices they are meant to trap you they are designed with lots of tricks in them so coming up with an idea in their own head of what do you think the answer is is the one of the best ways to go about it and the final step is POA process of elimination and it's as easy as just matching the best anthro choice if the closest match to your prediction to what you thought the answer might be tonight we're going to focus mostly on step three reading what you need gathering the evidence dissecting the text as carefully as possible to get the right answer the best way to explain all this is to try it in practice so let's try a couple of questions here's number 34 the phrases an awful lot and all of a sudden serve to emphasize Sarah's blank so one little thing here I noticed is it says serve to serve too so whenever I see the phrase serve too I'm thinking why it's not asking me what the author does it's asking me why why does the narrator say it right service two you might see another phrase like in order to such-and-such happens in order to blank these are great triggers for you to remember that are asking you why let's find these phrases in the text daddy was seeing an awful lot of his new friend one of the rooms in his house was all of a sudden full of her stuff neither Sarah nor her brother was allowed in there anymore it had started with a few dinners and shopping trips and now it seemed that their father's friend basically lived in the house and was shifting around some furniture that had been in place for as long as Sarah could remember so one thing we might do in this case is remove these phrases in question an awful lot and all of a sudden right and I might remove them and then read the question read the sentences back and see what it does daddy was seeing his new friend one of the rooms in his house was full of her stuff okay I put them back in let's think about it daddy was seeing an awful lot of his new friend one of the rooms in his house was all of a sudden full of her stuff so without those phrases it was much more neutral much more matter-of-fact stating a fact here we're getting an awful lot all of a sudden an element of surprise of urgency here let's move into the answer choices the phrase is an awful lot and all of a sudden served to emphasize Sarah's a disapproval of her father's new girlfriend well it just says she'd be seeing an awful lot and all of a sudden she noticed the stuff so there wasn't really a negative in Sarah's perspective that she disapproved of the new girlfriend so let's eliminate a be wish that things could be as they once were this is a classic could be true answer this could be true that Sarah wishes that things could be as they once were but the text doesn't necessarily say that and it's really important to remember I can't circle an answer choice unless the author explicitly says it says it let's eliminate B see unwillingness to accept a new person into her life well I noticed this actually sounds a lot like a disapproval of her father's new girlfriend they're basically the same thing she won't accept the new person she won't accept the girlfriend she just approves that the girlfriend they're both saying essentially the same thing so therefore they both must be wrong right I couldn't choose one or the other and above all the text does not say that she's unwilling to accept the new girlfriend well through process of elimination we've arrived at D the correct answer surprised at a new development in her father's home right and we noticed that an awful lot and all of a sudden those add an element of surprise to Sara's perspective the choice is d let's try another one continuing to read very carefully in a new passage here number 12 what does the first sentence suggest about the name of the nation of Iraq alright this is a bigger passage so I like that the question says the the first sentence right so I I know that I have a nice place to go it doesn't give me a line but I know exactly what I need to read here so let's read a little bit of this passage to understand the question to take one example the name Iraq is not quite as applicable to all its citizens as the names France Portugal or the United States are in their own regions from any Westerners nationality is a given and ultimately Trump's the more local identifications of town city or state all right so what it says what does the first thing that suggests about the name Iraq okay let's jump in to our process of elimination a the name of the country comes from the region in which the majority of Shias live mmm I didn't see anything in the first sentence about she is right so the question says what is the first sentence suggesting it just says it's not quite as applicable to all its citizens it doesn't talk about Shias so let's eliminate a be the name of the country has less significance in Iraq than it does in other countries okay this could be close because the sentence says Iraq is not quite as applicable to all its citizens as the names France Portugal the United States are so other countries I'm gonna leave that one there see the name of the country does not apply to most citizens who therefore frequently disregard the name okay therefore frequently disregard the name the first part of excited kind of okay similar to what be said but then notice the second part of this sentence who therefore frequently disregard the name doesn't really say that does it that these people are disregarding the name of their country and I also noticed and see it says the name of the country does not apply and then in be notice we have has less significance right one thing I want to talk about is an extreme answer and a little more of a neutral answer right a little more approachable be says the name of the country has less significance in Iraq than it does in other countries see says the name of the country does not apply to most citizens that's a lot more extreme and the passage says it's not quite as applicable it doesn't say it does not apply see is wrong D the name of the country refers to an area that does not include the region of Kurdistan Kurdistan is not mentioned in the first sentence is it remember to read the full question here the first sentence it says what does the first sentence suggest about the name of the nation of Iraq it just says it is not quite as applicable to all its citizens it doesn't mention Shias or Sunnis or the region of Kurdistan so D is not supported in the text we have to go with choice B here for number 12 great third team are on the same passage about the name of a country let's read a little bit more according to the author how do Westerners identify with the towns cities or states in which they live so again I don't have a line reference here but we do have what we'd call a great lead word Westerners how do Westerners identify with the towns cities or states much they live it's a great lead word where I can skim this paragraph and say where does word Westerners come in here and as I skim I notice well here they are right in the second sentence so the author is talking about Westerners in this second part let's read from any Westerners nationality is a given and ultimately Trump's the more local identifications of town city or state in Iraq as the Bush administration learned religious distinctions are more meaningful than national similarities approximately 65 percent of those living in Iraq are Shia Muslims but does this make it a Shia country to an extent maybe but Sunni Muslims represent a powerful and vocal minority and the northern regions of Iraq comprise a semi-autonomous region of a third group the Kurds the Western notion of a nation above all and religious coexistence don't hold up in countries like this because the value systems of these countries have developed so independently of Western notions okay that's a lot but author clearly has a point of view about Westerners so says for many Westerners nationality is a given the nation is important and it Trump's the more local identifications but that's different than in countries like Iraq it noticed slight let's read the answer is doing process of elimination a these local identifications play some role but the idea of belonging to a nation is more important that seems really similar to that second sentence nationality is a given and ultimately Trump's the more local identifications of town right the local identifications play a little bit of a role but the nation is most or more important I like a it seems close I will not eliminate it to be these local identifications hold some importance but are trumped by religious identification so now here's something interesting to talk about notice the word trumped right that I remember from the passage itself right nationality is a given and ultimately Trump's the more local identifications of town city or state so you might be thinking oh this word was literally in the passage it must be supported it must be the answer well not so fast this is a classic example of deceptive language the writers of the test often play this trick on you where they will include a vocabulary word or a remarkable word that was in the passage put it in an answer choice a lot of times you need to be very careful with that kind of situation usually it's just trying to trick you into choosing this trap answer just because it has the same vocab word trumped doesn't really mean that it answers the question accurately choice B says these local identifications hold some importance but are trumped by religious identifications well wait a minute religious identifications does it at any point talk about Westerners valuing their religious identifications it says nationality is a given and Trump's local identifications it doesn't actually talk about religious identifications at all right all right B is a trap answer with deceptive language so it must be eliminated let's try see these local identifications are most important in European countries such as France and Portugal hmm again France and Portugal I noticed that was in the passage right France Portugal this is the answer well again we have to be really careful when it just is regurgitating text and copying text from the passage itself I'm a little nervous when I see that just because it has France and Portugal doesn't necessarily mean it's the best answer because with Westerners our debt their identification it doesn't say that France and Portugal are unique in this respect right it's talking about Westerners in general so see is wrong must be eliminated deep these local identifications are less important than both religious and national identifications this one hmm seems really close right I'm gonna put a little squiggle there for clothes because it says Westerners for Westerners nationality is a given and Trump's the more local a Zdenek Asians so local identifications are less important great done but then it says then both religious and national identifications again the same thing with religious identification coming up in choice B this is not exactly what that sentence says right it just says that nationality Trump's local identifications it doesn't say that nationality and religion Trump's national Trump's local identification so this is a classic mostly right slightly wrong answer it's mostly right but sometimes one or two small words can really make an answer choice fundamentally wrong and that's what happens with D through process of elimination the best choice remaining is a these local identifications play some role but the idea of belonging to a nation is more important that's exactly what the text says good job reading really carefully here on understanding exactly what the authors saying let's see another example – I'll read this I now had what amounted to a complex about music hopes had been raised too high when they crashed too low I could not be objective perhaps I had not admitted it to myself but Town Hall in New York had represented the mainstream of American musical life and I had plunged into it hoping to become one of the fortunate swimmers right great fortunate swimmers to inline eight fortunate swimmers refers to the author's blank so let's talk about this fortunate swimmers if I read this a little more talks about the mainstream of American musical life plunged in hoping to become one of the fortunate swimmers there's kind of a metaphor a swimming metaphor here right and so saying that that this narrator wanted to be one of the singers you know the main singers at the town hall in American musical vibe she wanted to be a big pop singer a famous singer right so let's see knowing that she we know that she liked to be a famous singer what the best answer is for that kind of prediction process of elimination a does she have an obsession with music mm-hmm that seems a little extreme right to be obsessed with music she just says she had longed to plunge in to be a part of it all not obsessed with it right she's admiring it too strong fortunate swimmers B desire to be a popular singer well that was sort of what we had gathered from the text itself she had plunged she wanted to plunge in to the mainstream and become one of those fortunate swimmers those lucky few who rise to the top it seems right this is really close let's leave it see respect for other famous singers fortunate swimmers mmm so does it say anywhere that she has respect for them by calling them fortunate swimmers it's close but it doesn't necessarily have the author's saying that right that she respects the other famous singers she just is hoping to be one of the fortunate swimmers and other famous singers kind of implies that the narrator herself is already famous but she's not yet famous hoping to be famous one of those fortunate swimmers so she's not talking about the other famous singers in addition to her this one is not supported the rapid change of fortune hmm well again what am I going to say fortune fortune I'm skeptical of this fortunate swimmers rapid change of fortune it seems like deceptive language again right just repeating the same text in the passage and in the question this one it would be a little too easy to go for tchen fortune she's not talking about the swimmers having a change in fortune rather she's noticing that they are the famous pop singers and she'd like to be one of them it's not was referring to a rapid a change in fortune and rapidity also is not mentioned at all that makes it quite wrong D will be eliminated the answer to number two here should be B she liked to be one of the fortunate swimmers to dive in and be a popular singer great continuing with this same passage this question number five says the third paragraph Lyons 24 to 28 primarily focuses on great so here is a really important line reference right says lines 24 to 28 and step 3 remember we're talking about read what you need plus or minus five lines right so let's expand this maybe a little bit if you are sensitive and I was perhaps too sensitive a misrepresentation like that can throw off balance particularly if you feel that you have a great deal at stake talking about the concert that she performed at the narrator and here's what the question is really asking about that third paragraph I stopped going regularly to mr. bighetti studio I appeared once in a while and things must have gone very indifferently he realized how much the Fiasco had shaken me and he did not make an issue of my irregular attendance mother and I talked about the whole thing and with her patience and understanding she helped me out of my trouble all right so let's talk about this third paragraph we know it talks about mr. bighetti studio for rehearsals she's going to as a singer says she appeared once in a while so she's not really going her irregular attended regular attendance she's not attending all the time I really noticed that it said the fiasco the fiasco had shaken her after this fiasco she stopped going to the rehearsals she tops to stop going to the studios later we learned that it's a trouble right so this is a distressing event for our narrator that she stopped going to these rehearsals and even when she appeared things went in differently they didn't go good or bad right sort of mediocre so this is interesting the results of going to the concert seems to be what is happening in this third paragraph let's see the answers though the third paragraph focus is on a the importance of rehearsals well this mentions rehearsals and I remember we were talking about a rehearsal she was she stopped going regularly to mr. bighetti studio and he did not make an issue of it so this is interesting she's missing rehearsals really not emphasizing the importance of rehearsals so I don't know that the third paragraph is primary focus is on the importance of rehearsals we do talk about rehearsals though be the kindness of strangers okay well I definitely noticed some kindness in her teacher mr. bighetti he did not make an issue of her regular attendance so even when she wasn't showing up it wasn't the biggest deal that seems to be kindness but this is not coming from a stranger this kindness right this kindness is coming from mr. bighetti her teacher someone she knows and goes to his studio so strangers makes this wrong so he's we're noticing how again one or two words can make an entire answer choice totally wrong and I need to put my pencil through it and say no to B B is gone just to left this one I have a 50/50 shot that's pretty good odds see a return to a musical career okay a return to a musical career so she stopped going to the rehearsals and she went once in a while and she was a regular and she was in trouble so the idea of a musical career doesn't seem to be right here right I don't know that she stopped having a career and then is returning none of that is said right that she's changing a career or something No if nothing is mentioned at all about her career just about her irregular presence at the studio and how this event this this concert that she attended that she that she performed that really shook her up right it shook her so a return it's not what it is D here we are through process of elimination we arrived at D the correct answer the consequences of a performance and that's what we noticed the beginning right that after this fiasco after this trouble at this fiasco had shaken her so much that it seems you know this is the focus of this paragraph the her being shaken up after this performance the consequences of the performance exactly what choice D says great so reading really carefully there all of the text of paragraph three cuz it asked about it and then even a little bit expanding a little bit more to to help me really situate myself because again I at this point I haven't read every single word of this passage I'm going question by question so expanding the window is really important okay question six in line 33 the narrator's comment about having given critics the opportunity suggests that she okay well here again I love having a really specific line reference line 33 this happens right suggests that she right so let's explore this line mother and I talked about the whole thing with her patience and understanding she helped me out of my trouble right so she was at previously in a fiasco in line 24 to 28 out of her trouble I knew that the criticism was right and that I should not have given the critics the opportunity to write as they did I kept reiterating that I had wanted so very much to sing well enough to please everybody all right so in line 33 we notice given the critic given the critics the opportunity she so she should not have done this she said she knew that the criticism was right so she acknowledges that the criticism was right in a way that she wasn't performing at her best maybe so she should not have given them the opportunity to even say that she wanted to sing well enough to please everybody all right let's see knowing that are pretty Shing here might be that she she knew that they were completely right the critics and that she felt bad about that right so she knew that those critics were right and that's why she says she should have given them the opportunity choice a acknowledged that the unfavorable reviews were warranted so warranted so they were deserved there was merit for these unfavorable reviews that's sort of exactly what she says right she says I knew that the criticism was right and that I should not have given the critics the opportunity to write as they did looks good to me should we Circle it well let's wait a second and not rush to a judgement here best to check every single answer even though we like a B C and D are important to check to verify just to see if I missed anything right B that B says that she intended to switch careers from music to journalism what I don't remember reading anything about this switching careers from music journalism journalism strikes me as completely out of context i I see nothing here about journalism so we're talking about the critics and our performance as a singer this doesn't make any sense B has got to go right not what the passage says at all see that these lines suggest that she doubted that the critics who reviewed her did so objectively objectively without judgment or without bias rather so she they're judging her without bias mm-hmm so she she's saying she doubted that so she's saying that maybe these critics were biased against me from the beginning maybe these critics just knew that they didn't like me at all and they wanted to write a bad review of me is that what the passage says though sounds kind of interesting this idea and see but it's not what she says is it let's always remember to choose an answer that's supported by the path by the passage I knew that the criticism was right and that I should not have given the critics the opportunity to write as they did to write that bad review so she's not doubting that they wrote a accurate portrayal of her performance in fact she's saying yeah they're right so doubting is completely wrong here right she is not doubting them let's get rid of C down to 2d recognize the influence critics exert on a singers career well this one is an interesting type of answer I would classify this as it could be true cancer a classic could be true that's when you come across an answer choice on the SAT where you think yes that is totally true I know that from my own experience I know that from just being a human critics exert a crazy influence on musicians and artists of all kind that these critics can do well when you feel yourself saying oh that feels really true to me always be thinking is it supported in the passage so this could totally be true that she's this character is thinking that critics have a total outsized influence on artists and their careers but is it supported in the passage I don't think so right she just says she talked with her mother she knew that the criticism was right she should not have given the critics the opportunity to write she's not saying that critics shouldn't exist or that critics are terrible and that they're too extreme and powerful she's just saying I shouldn't have given that performance I should have given the critics the opportunity to write an unfavorable review so this is a classic could be true answer but it's in fact not supported by the text at all so we must delete it and now we're down to just one choice choice a that first choice that we liked anyway she acknowledged that the unfavorable reviews were warranted it's so supported by the text right she knew that the criticism was right she should not have given them the opportunity at all great nice job with this question really sticking it out in testing every answer and evaluating every answer and seeing a pencil mark through three of the four answers that's really thorough work and terrific job so that was our last question tonight thank you so much for being here I hope you learned a little bit about reading comprehension I noticed that we did six questions in about 25 minutes which is might feel really slow to you a slow pace that's definitely true I was taking my time but it might not be as slow as you think I'd we definitely would rather you slow down and take your time and get questions right then rush through an entire reading branch inspection because you're nervous about time right so it's much more important to be really accurate slow down and get things correct rather than rushing through the reading comprehension section okay thank you so much for being here hope to see you next week at 7 p.m. for our next SAT night live session thanks everyone

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