Longinus on Literature| Longinus as a Critic

Longinus on Literature| Longinus as a Critic

hi friends away completely just simple little done literature and language frames in this tutorial we are going to discuss about Longinus on literature on views of Longinus on literature so friend this lesson is divided into two points the very first point is the concept of Longinus one sublimity and the second point is what are the sources of sources of sublimity so let's start with some background about Longinus now it is very difficult to stress out the exact background of Longinus because a little is known about this background that where did he born and what is the exact dates or in which century he belonged or even there is a question what was his real name but many critics and scholars have accepted a fact that he belonged to the 1st century an anemone and his name is Ron Janus and the very treatise which is based on his views on literature is called sub line and it is popularly known as Ron Janus on the sub line so this information is taken from the same text that is royal eyeness from the sublime now friends let's start the very first point that is what are what is sublimity and what did Longinus mean by sublimity now this concept is not new in literature actually this has been discussed before rottenness but he has given a new dimension through this element or through this ingredient to the literature now his fame as a critic is rests on this very treaties called Longinus on sublime and his concept of sublimity so according to Longinus sublimity is something that which has the capacity or it is an elemental literature that has capacity to stir or move the reader or audience or it has the power of transporting a reader into or out of himself so this is his concept now if we decide this concept we will understand that androgynous talks about loftiness in the weddi literature or poetry and in his own words here I listed a quotation and let me read out that quotation actually what if Londoners say about the sublimity and here I have the quotation and I read it so friends here I quote sublimity consists in a certain distinction and consume it excellence in expression and it is from this and no other source that the greatest poets and Bros records have gained their eminence and immortal Fame the effect of and lofty passes is not to convince the reason of a reader but to transport him out of himself invariably an admirable speech casts a spell over us and eclipses that which merely aims at persuasion and a pleasure now here I unquote so there are a few teams that need to be focused in this definition of sublimity that he talks about the three things here particularly the very first is the function of literature as it is considered before ranjana's to do pleasure or to provide entertainment and the second function is to teach morality or here he uses particular word persuasion and pleasure so before Longinus these two things are really significant in the literature or this is the very crucial function of literature to teach or persuasion or give pleasure now he added a new dimension a new ingredient that it is not only the task of literature to persuade the things which are in literature or to elaborate on them to teach morality or entertain but here is the new dimension that literature must transport the reader out of himself or it or move the reader or stir the reader now what is the meaning of this moving the reader is very simple that the literature must cast a spell over the reader so that is the meaning idea of sublimity so friends again we have these words and let me quote those words in which she has given some examples of great literature for example I put in general these examples of sublimity which always please and please all are truly beautiful and sublime for when we who differ in their habits and have different tests pursuits and aspirations and are different ages hold the same view about the same writing then this an animus world-eater of such discordant judges use irresistible authority to their favorable worded now I unfold now if you think about this maxim of Longinus we can understand that Longinus has focused on the particular kind of literature if a literature becomes able to stir many people many men as we say in this Maxim or principal then it should be considered as supplying one for example we have Homer and the composition of Hama is the sublime because whenever the readers read so there are different types of readers heterogeneous readers and when these readers read Homer they get stirred they get transported now this quality of moving the reader is very crucial are as he said here is an animus now if all the readers are many readers can think that this has the quality of studying or moving readers then it should be considered as this sublime literature now friends this is all about the concept of sublimity about which Longinus has franklin is very treatise called on the sublime now let's move to the second point that is the source of sublimity and he has listed five sources of sublimity and let's think about this sources one by one so friends here is the very first source of sublimity that is granular form now here Longinus talks about the sublimity of tartar without the sublimity of thought we cannot create the sublime literature and he has given some examples of the famous philosophers and famous words of his style for example he talks about Plato he talks about demo space he talks about SUSE – and he also talks about other you know many ways for example Homer now what they have incorporated in their literature is nothing but the roughness of thought so mean thoughts are trivial kind of thoughts cannot convey the great literature or the sublime literature here are the words of Longinus himself what did he say about this grandeur of thought let me read out these words so here I quote sublimity is the echo of greatness of soul it is the impossible for those whose whole lives are full of meaning Servine ideas and habits to produce anything that is not malleable and what we offer an immortal life it is only natural that great accent should fall from the lips of those whose thoughts have always been defined a full of majesty now he has very clearly stated so that the majesty of thoughts the loftiness of thoughts must be there in the literature and without these majesty of thoughts or without the lofty thoughts we cannot compose great literature and he has even exam process I already talked about Homer that coma is one of the words who has used to this great first in his literature out in his poetry or in his essay Lecter ODC so friends okay we must think about that if we are composing on a particular theme on a particular thought so we should take a model from home but we should take model from instructor or we should take model from Plato for that matter and also we can do this model from Jerusalem Suzie dykes who is a historian what would have been what would have they saved about a particular team about the particular thought if we are composing on the same line so this should be considered while composing the literature now this is the very first source of sublimity grandeur of greatness of thought here again we have the second strong emotions are the intense passions in this source he accepts that poetry or literature provokes the emotions it creates emotions and it's directly appeals to the emotions but this emotion should be used in a constructive way and it must uplift the morality of the society or about the readers now he directly does not occur or talk about the uplifting of the morality but indirectly he says that the emotions should please our my emotions should please are very deep stuck feelings again here we have his own words and let me put these words regarding the emotions i quote i would confidently affirmed that nothing max makes so much grandeur as true emotions in the right place for it inspires the words and it were with a wild gust of man enthusiasm and fills them with divine frenzy now here are two things are very significant first there should be true emotions he is talking about true emotions and these emotions must be placed at a right place if you are incorporating or Gradius emotions are at the same place this will be creating a kind of a frame genus in the literature our poetry so you have to use these emotions very consciously and true emotions must be here so this is the second source software sublimity according to Longinus now again we have here the third source and that is proper use of figures now the first two sources of national sources and here third fourth and fifth source are artificial source which we can gain or achieve by training now here is the proper use of figures now you cannot use figures as you wish there should be a way of using these figures and he talks about a particular kind of figures here I have listed some figures which are given by a gun – let me read just these figures for you understanding the very first here is a little big question second is asyndeton third is hyper baton and the last one is very precious now friends if you want more information about these figures and if you want to read it please go to literature synchrotron where you find the full article on this figures how this figure should be used in literature and then let's talk about the fourth ingredient or fourth element of sublimity that is noble diction now he talked about the use of figures and what is the role of figures in sublime literature and now he moves further and talks about the nobility of diction so this selection of words selection of vocabularies significant in the composition if you are writing on a trivial subject matter so you need not to choose a very dignified prediction you can choose one day in diction also in this case and if you are writing on a lofty theme so you need to choose that kind of lofty diction so diction is a particular kind of vocabulary you stream poetry or you stream literature so you must be made conscious while choosing this hook up the reel and you should keep in your mind what is the subject on which we are writing on which we are talking so this is all electrical as about these teachers and the art of speaking so this is the fourth element of full source of the sublimity the last sauce he talks about is the eliminate competition composition now he gives us a particular kind of diction for particular kind of writing and in the last source he talks about how this diction or how this language or how this figure should be combined or how all the sources need to be combined in a whole to form a dignified composition or elevated composition now how you arrange the words how you give the structure to your selected language is significant in this source you cannot just put words as you wish in the sentences but they must be following proper or Direction a proper structure why because this composition is significant for the total effect if you have a loose composition it will not form a great effect on the readers as he already talked about the loftiness of the literature or sublimity so you can achieve this sublimity through these five sources I mean the last sources you have to arrange or rearrange the first four sources to compose a great kind of literature so friend these are some of the views of Longinus on sublimity and the sources of sublimity actually his film as a treaty is rested on these elements in the element of sublimity and the sources of sublimity so friends thank you very much for watching the computer lessor and if you have any difficulty please comment and to know about this lesson in detail please go to literature simply dot-com where you find the article for reading and also you can download this from the savior site so friends like this video share this video among your friends and subscribe to literature simply and don't forget to press the bell notification icon for updates

One thought on “Longinus on Literature| Longinus as a Critic

  1. Thanks for post this video sir I'm very new to your channel sir…
    Sir if it's possible please give some guidance about NET ( literature ) exam preparation that helps a lot to new aspirants like me

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