How to Draw Hair

How to Draw Hair


Hey, Stan Prokopenko, here with Proko! Today we’re drawing the hair. I feel like hair is one of the most difficult
things for people to draw. A lot of us approach it in the wrong way. We just jump in a start
scratching away. Drawing hair takes patience. There’s a lot of little shapes, lines, highlights,
and its easy to get impatient and sloppy. But we really need to slow down and approach
it one step at a time. And when you get to the details, you need to focus on designing,
not just copying as we see it. The approach to drawing hair should be the
same as sculpting hair. You don’t sculpt hair with individual strands. You find the
volumes of the groups. Think of the hair as a 3 dimensional form, just like, the nose..
and lips.. It has mass. And it has all the same elements of light, although slightly
hidden by the texture and all the strands. Ignoring the form and going straight for the
texture results in spaghetti hair..it just looks like a bunch of lines coming off the
head VOLUME So, the first volume we need to think about
actually isn’t even the volume of the hair. So, the first volume we need to think about
actually isn’t even the volume of the hair. It’s the volume of the head. Or, whatever
it is that the hair is on. If you’re drawing a Dog, you gotta think about the rib cage
or the legs.. The groups of hair wrap around the form underneath
and inherit the same light patterns. In this example, I made sure to shade the large group
of hair to resemble the rounded form under it, before I added all the texture on top.
The left side of the hair mass is all shadow, then it transitions and has a bunch of halftone
shapes, and then all the highlights are on the right. Now we get to the part where we draw the locks
of hair. And everybody’s hair type is different. If it’s straight, you’re just gonna get
a cylinder. If it’s curly, you’re gonna have a lot of little locks, and that design
problem becomes a bit more difficult. But whatever the hair type, figure out what those
shapes are and design them as volumes, not strands. So, for example here’s a lock of
hair. It’s like a ribbon with some thickness to it. This ribbon has shadow, halftone, and
a highlight. It doesn’t look like hair, but it does look
3-dimensional. To make it look like hair we need to add a 4th element – Texture. This includes the separations between the
smaller groups of hair, a few lines representing strands, and breaking up the contours. There
will be stray strands that soften and break up the edge between hair and background. Make
sure to add variation along the edges to make it more interesting and believable. The connection
to the skin shouldn’t be outlined. Show some gradations, otherwise it will look like a
wig or clip-on beard. When adding the texture part, its all about
the design. Don’t get too repetitive with the strokes. Try to create organic and interesting
shapes with the overlaps and groupings. There needs to be a good balance of simple areas
and complex areas with a lot of detail. Get the illusion of the strands. Don’t try to
draw every single strand. Have confidence with every stroke. It’s
better to draw a quick confident strand slightly out of place, then a wobbly ugly stroke in
the right place. Don’t be timid. This happens when drawing strands that drop down the forehead.
People don’t want to mess up the face. But, it doesn’t matter if it’s in the perfect
spot… Hair moves. Usually you want to start the stroke at the
root and let it taper towards the tip. But if you have good control of the pencil, you
can taper correctly from either side. make
sure you’re holding the pencil like a brush and use the length of the charcoal to get
thin lines, and the side to get soft thick lines. Transitioning from one to the other
gets you a nice taper. Designing Shadows I like to approach shadows as flat graphic
shapes. It’s important to get an attractive, well balanced separation of light and dark
before beginning to render/shade. Try to find ways to connect as many shadow shapes as you
can. Even with curly hair, where you have a lot of little shapes, it’s important to
connect them. Otherwise you’ll have too many floating shapes which can be distracting.
This goes back to good design. This goes back to good design. Inside the shadows, keep the texture and contrast to
a minimum. You want the focus to stay in the lit areas of the hair. Designing Halftones The areas that will have the most visible
texture is the halftones. These areas get a little bit of light from the highlight side
and some darks from the shadow side creating the most contrast and detail in these areas.
Don’t forget that halftones are mostly gradations. They gradate towards shadow on one side and
towards highlights on the other. Designing Highlights Highlight areas should still appear light
after the texture is added. That means strand texture should be thinner, lighter, and sometimes
remove texture all together. Have the highlights glow. Try to connect them as much as possible
only leaving a few lonely highlights. And try not to make each highlight the same. Give
them variety in length, thickness, edge, and value. So, let’s take a quick look at how I broke
down this drawing into steps. As always, I started with the linear layin
getting the major shapes and rhythms. Then I separated the lights from the shadows
focusing on the design of the graphic shapes. In this step I added dark accents inside the
shadows to separate the reflected lights from occlusion shadows. And in the lights, I added
gradations from halftone to highlight. At this point, the drawing should look 3-dimensional,
since we’ve added all the basic elements of light on form. And In the final step, I added the texture of
the strands. The strokes should follow the rhythm of the locks we defined in the previous
steps. Notice that drawing the strands is the last step, Not
the first.

100 thoughts on “How to Draw Hair

  1. That moment when you realize the refference he used for this video was the same refference he used for "chopping lessons" http://www.stanprokopenko.com/paintings.php

  2. Oh thank you, this trip will be very useful in come in handy, fornite draw Dragon Ball Z locks in my character fan art. This video is going to help me and everyone else, but hate which ever one works.

  3. What about spiky hair locks? Drawing multiple layers of them in every single angle around the head, that's one of my favourite.

  4. The strange thing is , my teacher is telling me exactly the opposite, atleast to fur (like cats have) . And yes i do get unpatient really fast. Hair is really not easy to draw.

  5. I thought it would be like a tutorial with an example when you drawing and we are repeating it.

  6. HA. This is what our school made us watch for our drawing hair topic. Nice tips my dude uwu.

  7. i fell asleep watching this… not because it was boring but because ive been watching your videos for like 9 hours straight. i should have been sleeping but i spent the entire night training myself to become a master overnight. if you need me to teach a course i thing i know how to do almost everything at this point. i just need to test my skills now. just have to go buy a pencil, new razor blade and a kinetic eraser… and some paper… and take a nap.. now that im half way through tomorrow. i forgot to eat 2 meals. but ill remember to eat, using long smooth scoops from my shoulder and not little short spoon fulls from my wrist.

  8. I don't want do stupid but whats the difference? The same material and pencil only reverse you dont need to erase with mono eraser I think this way is cost more time

  9. 2:06 mins again your hair changed are you playing with your subs dude, very funny that nobody noticed.

  10. yo mr proko… you know the way you said to draw the hair, the volume of the object must be taken into account. (1:25) what if the hair is completely blocking the volume its resting upon?

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