How to Draw Ears – Anatomy and Structure

How to Draw Ears – Anatomy and Structure

Hey, my name is Stan Prokopenko. Welcome to Proko. Today we’re drawing ears. And ya, I know.. Just go with it.. Ears are very much like megaphones. It’s
easy to see the resemblance when you look at Shrek’s ears, but how does this apply
to humans? Well, it’s a lot easier to see from the back. The ear is connected to the
head at the concha, which is a tubular form that pushes the helix away from the head.
The concha pushes the ear out in the back, but not in the front, so the face of the ear
is rotated slightly forward. And of course, this can vary quite a bit between two different
people. Also, the concha pushes the ear out more at the top than at the bottom. So, from
the front, you’ll usually see an angle to the ear. The placement of the ear is important. It
can be a very good indicator of any up or down tilt to the head. From straight on, the
ear will fit pretty much right in the middle third. Top of the brow, to bottom of the nose.
As the head tilts down, the ears move up, and as the head tilts up, the ears move down. From the side, generally you will find the
ear starts at the end of the jaw, about center of the cranium. Notice that the ear is NOT
straight up and down along that center line, but rather tilts back at the top. If you’re
using the loomis approach to lay in the head, you will find the ear somewhere in the bottom
back quadrant of the side plane. Ok, so lets take a look at the mess we’ve
got going on inside the ear. To help simplify what appears like just a bunch of random squiggly
shapes, always remember “WHY?”… or Y?… See the resemblance? The helix, or the ring
around the perimeter of the ear is the hook of the question mark. The ear lobe is the
dot. And the Antihelix is the Y on the inside. Those 3 pieces take up most of the real estate
of the ear and will get you almost a complete ear. There are a few other important pieces,
and we’ll take a look at those in a few minutes. The helix starts inside the ear, attached
to the concha at about the halfway mark of the whole ear. Since it’s inside the ear,
this portion will usually be in shadow. As it comes out, it will be hit by light, and
as it curls around the ear the placement of the shadow will slowly change. To clarify
this concept, think of a donut. munch munch… mmm… I love my job! The light is coming from the top. So the top
planes will be lit and bottom planes will be in shadow. So, this portion of the donut
will have light at the outer planes and shadow on the inner planes. This part of the donut,
will have light on the inner planes, and shadow on the outer planes. So, right about here,
the shadow jumps over to the other side. The same thing happens on the helix. The top is
lit, and bottom in shadow, then right about here it switches, and the outer portion is
in shadow and inside is in light. Inside the Helix is his evil twin, Antihelix.
That’s the guy shaped like a Y. At the top, the helix usually casts a shadow onto the
two branches of the antihelix. Make sure to wrap this cast shadow around the branches
to show the cylindrical volumes. The upper branch is wide and soft and the lower branch
is thin and sharp. At the bottom, the helix and antihelix connect to the ear lobe at about
the same line. The ear lobe is fatty tissue attached to the
bottom of the rest of the ear, made mostly of cartilage. Some ear lobes hang down from
the connection point to the head. These are called “free”. Other ear lobes have a
smooth connection to the head, called “attached”. So far we’ve covered most of the ear, except
this area. On the side is a node called the Tragus, and just across from it, is the other
evil twin, Antitragus… Between the tragus and antitragus, there is
a keyhole called the Ear Notch. Just inside of that is the main reason we have ears..
The Ear Hole. The ear hole is deep and dark, and if you dig enough, you might even find
some hidden treasure!

100 thoughts on “How to Draw Ears – Anatomy and Structure

  1. @dutchman016 ? in order to draw you should be able to understand anatomy. he's doing what exactly the way it should be done. and a lot of teacher teach like this.

  2. Hi! I've been drawing and learning for years and I've got many books, and I find your way of teaching quite refreshing :)!!! Your videos are perfect both for noobs and professionals. Thanks for sharing your knowledge with us!!! I'll look forward for more of your videos.

  3. You shouldn't put Q-tips in your ears. It actually pushes the wax in your ear deeper and farther which could damage your hearing.

  4. Also, note that the "ear hole" as you call it, is *seldom visible. That means you have created a recess where there should be a continuation from tragus to helix.

  5. you are a wonderful teacher
    thank you very much for posting your videos

    eres un magnífico professor,
    muchas gracias por colgar tus videos

  6. Everlasting glory for all your tutorials. They are the best in universe cold the internet.
    Could you show us how to draw chin and cheeks in details as well? Or maybe neck and shoulders? Please.

  7. I'm Sharing This on my Google Plus Page.. If you noticed I have tons of art & tattooing how to's.. Since I recently revived a few questions on drawing portraits as well as how to tattoo realistic portraits. I have included a few YouTube videos on portraits, as well as individual features. Eyes,Hair Nose, Cheekbones are extremely important. But the hardest is ears,hands & feet for most newer & intermediate level artists/tattoo artists.. 

    I also recommend the book GREYS ANATOMY, for Doctors, Artist & Medical Students. As well as the book The Art of Drawing by Willy Pogany,also the book The Secrets to Realistic Drawing, Carrie, Stuart Parks & Rick Parks, Also  The Book  How to Draw Chiller Monsters, Werewolves, Vampires & Zombies, by J David Spurlock. AVAILABLE at AMAZON.COM or most book stores. This other book 5 Bellow cheap $5 Anyone Can Draw  by Barrington Barber.Also The  Drawing on The Right Side of the Brain, AMAZON.COM, I Have a video of a similar tittle that deals with drawing for beginners how to improve immensely. On my Google Plus page & a Pre video for Guy Aitchison's new book & DVD Series for tattoo artist & artist shows a few sample lessons for intermediate level tattoo artist, sculptures paintings, Drawings, & a tattoo. Next is Nikko Hurtado's sample for his new DVD Series coming out soon. Day of The Dead Tattoo, how to tattoo & draw portraits correctly to flow with the body similar to Guy's .. Check them out .. just scroll thru a few post to get to them but worth it.

    I hope this helps you out

    Take Care, Bill Kearney. 🙂

  8. Really dissapointed with this video @Proko, "How to draw ears-", didn't say a thing about how to "draw" an ear, asked ow to draw an ear, not a science lesson.

  9. Огромное спасибо за такой качественный материал! Каждое видео вдохновляет.

  10. you are very good inersant and jolyfull persan ilove you and you show pepel to who is greet artist behaving and onesty gooooood bles you my fawerit techer

  11. Just wanted to say thank you. So far your tutorials on heads and faces have been the best I've found for me learning to draw. Also your goofy antics make it fun and amuse me. Thank you for these wonderful tutorials!

  12. boy ! how do you earn money????????? its a big question for me as I am passionate about drawing but cant have it as a full time profession. there was a time when I was job less, believe me it was the most amazing time for me because day in day out more than 14 hours a day i was drawing, at times without sleeping and ruining the day. but could not embrace it as a full time job.Please let me know how i can do it.Thanks for amazing video. I know how aren blaz and cessor sentos are doing it but that needs a lot of capital.

  13. Oh man, when you compared Shrek's ear to a megaphone I thought you were gonna ship a megaphone with Shrek much like Shadow and Shrek

  14. Proko you are the best! Other could imitate to you, but are the f Master! I got a premium suscription of fundamentals, but these videos helps me a lot too. Thanks

  15. Thank you for the tutorial, it helped me a lot! But I gotta say that (for me) you aren't funny at all, it's mostly annoying, the last minute was a waste of time :'D still thank you

  16. idk why but the background music reminds me of when Steve is writing in the handy dandy notebook in bluesclues

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