3ML: Surrealism in Literature & Surrealist Writing | 3 Minute Literature

3ML: Surrealism in Literature & Surrealist Writing | 3 Minute Literature



have you ever had a dream that fell real Sigmund Freud the founder of psychoanalysis believe that dreams express the unconscious mind while our waking perception expressed the conscious one for the Surrealists who loved Freud that made dreams just one example of a higher reality a deeper more natural human experience and by fusing dream and realities surrealist writers and artists thought that they could bring about a world that wasn't just real but sir– real and they did kind of already beginning to emerge in the early 1920s by 1924 surrealism was fast on its way to becoming a literary and artistic force to be reckoned with a fractured movement from the start 1924 saw the publication of two separate and opposing surrealist manifestos in Paris only two weeks apart the first manifesto was written by a van Gogh whose posse included Dada heavyweights like Tristan Tzara and Francis Picabia the second manifesto written by Andre Breton was to become far more influential as a result Breton is still remembered as the figurehead of the surrealism we know today and most surrealist rock stars like Salvador Dali and Rene Magritte were at one point members of the crew meeting at his office of the Bureau of surrealist research throughout the early years Britain ruled the group with an iron fist frequently excommunicating members who would not commit to his political and aesthetic positions these splintered members often went on to found other artistic groups such as Lagrangian as for surrealist Theory Breton believed that by creating art that avoids conscious thought artists would be able to tap into their illogical unconscious and bring about what he called the marvelous or the surreal elaborating on these ideas in his 1924 manifesto he wrote we are still living under the reign of logic this of course is what I have been driving yet but in this day and age logical methods are applicable only to solving problems of secondary interest further he states I would like to sleep in order to surrender myself to the dreamers the way I surrender myself to those who read me with eyes wide open in order to stop imposing in this realm the conscious rhythm of my thought the surrealist opposition to logic marks them as clear descendants of Dada where as Dada sought to destroy logic through nonsense and mockery surrealism sought to elevate life itself through the integration of the illogical unconscious into logical conscious life on this topic Britain's thesis is clear he says I believe in the future resolution of these two states dream and reality which are seemingly so contradictory into a kind of absolute reality a sir the surrealist writers created three notable literary techniques and concepts they are one automatic writing so write automatically the writer must simply sit down and begin to write anything and everything that comes to mind awaiting all editing and attempting to minimize conscious interference one of Surrealism zki texts the magnetic fields by Breton and Philippe supo was written in this way there was like most surrealist art edited before publication pause here if you'd like to read a little excerpt to surrealistic juxtaposition the key aesthetic effect of surrealism is created by the unexpected grouping of opposing or unrelated things such groupings create the absurd dreamlike illogic on which surrealism operates for example here are the first few lines from Benjamin Perez making feet and hands I standing out i lying down i sitting why wonder about between two hedges made of stair rails while the ladders become soft as newborn babes not how each image and each concept of oak does not follow logically the greater the disparity in this regard the greater the effect three exquisite corpse the last surrealist technique is a fun part allure game called exquisite corpse usually played with three players to play simply fold a paper in three parts the first person secretly writes the line on the first third of the paper letting only the last word or phrase show on the next section the next player secretly writes their line without looking at what the first player wrote incorporating the first word provided to them and leaving their last word on the next section of paper the last player does the same the result is bizarre and marvelous in the end despite the movements theoretical shortcomings and heated internal politics surrealism has nonetheless deeply influenced too many artists and movements that followed once radical to the core surrealist aesthetics now permeate even popular culture in this sense perhaps the movement succeeded after all in its goal of freeing the imagination of making the world a little bit more surreal alright that's it for today my fellow literati thank you for watching I didn't quite get under three minutes that time but I hope you enjoyed the additional info and nonetheless check out the links below and the book recommendations below if you want to do a little bit more reading on surrealist literature and if you enjoyed the video please help grow the channel by subscribing leave a like comment share with a friend thank you and see you next time

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